Some of the must see historical monuments of Chania – Crete
Firka Fortress is located on the northwest side of the port and its familiar with the name Fortress Revellino del porto It was constructed by Venetians to prevent the enemy dangers for the port. It’s constructions began in 1610 and completed in 1645 During the Turkish period was used as barrack( means firka) and for that reason the name firka is still used today. The arched openings were used as prisons from the Turkish period to the civil war. The greek flag of the Unification of Crete was aised on December 1st 1913 in an official ceremony. Today at the entrance of the fortress is situated the Maritime Museum of Crete.
Aptera is located 15 kilometers away from Chania city. It was an important state during the Minoan period. Fortification, aqueducts, public baths, and graves are some of the findings the visitor can see. The most impressive of the preserved ancient buildings are the groups of Roman reservoirs that together with many wells and tanks served the needs of the city and supplied the facilities of the public and private baths. The city had a theater, which is not completely revealed yet. There was a wall for the protection of the city, while today has survived a length of about 4 kilometers. In Aptera visitors can find two castles of unique historical interest. The first is Palaikastro that was built by the Turks for the Revolution of 1866 and the second one is Itzedin castle that is located in Kalami. Itzedin was built in 1872, allocated barracks, hospital and other facilities, while it was used up to recently as a prison for political prisoners. The view is Souda Bay is magnificent.
The Municipal Market
The Municipal Market of Chania, the large building of 4000 square meters in the centre of Chania is the “heart” of the city. Its foundation started on August 14, 1911, at the place that was the main rampart of the fortification during the Venetian period, and the construction of the building was completed during the second half of 1913.
The official opening ceremony was performed by the Prime Minister of Greece, Eleftherios Venizelos, three days after the unification of Crete with Greece, on December 4, 1913. The Municipal Market is cross shaped and has four doors, one in each ward, that close to provide security at the shops that are hosted there. Today at the building of the Municipal Market are hosted many shops that sell local products and souvenirs. The Municipal Market constitutes an architectural jewel for Chania and is one of the most impressive markets in Balkans.
The Graves of Venizelos Family
The graves of Venizelos family is one of the most popular places that offer a panoramic view of Chania, only a few kilometres east of the city, on the road to Akrotiri and airport. Here are located the graves of the charismatic Greek politician, and seven times Prime Minister of Greece, Eleftherios Venizelos, and his son, Sofoklis Venizelos, who was also Prime Minister of Greece from 1943 to 1952.
Nearby is located the small church of Profitis Ilias and the statue of Spyrus Kagialedakis or Kagiales, who on February 9, 1897 (Revolution of 1897), during the bombing of the revolted Cretans by the fleet of the great forces, he made his body flagstaff to raise the Greek flag that had been dropped by the bombshells of the ships.